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If residual food particles and plaque are not cleaned away by your oral hygiene routine, they can harden into tartar near the gum line. Tartar is dense with harmful bacteria, which can have a negative impact on the health of your gums.

The ADA recommends that you brush your teeth twice each day, immediately followed by flossing between your teeth and along the gum line. Hardened tartar at the gum line is the leading cause of periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease, which is also known as gum disease, has different stages of progression. Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal disease. Initial symptoms include gums that bleed easily when brushing and flossing, as well as issues with chronic bad breath. In many cases, the gums might also look red or inflamed.

In many cases, gingivitis can be resolved through improvements in your oral hygiene routine as well as scheduling routine dental checkups with Dr. Spartak Delakyan.

Left unchecked, gingivitis can progress into the more serious form of periodontal disease known as periodontitis. When this happens, the inflammation in the gum tissues causes the gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This encourages pockets of infection to form near the roots of the teeth.

Over time, periodontitis can even result in the loss of bone structure in the part of your jaw that anchors your teeth. In some cases, advanced periodontitis requires surgical intervention or prescription antibiotics to effectively treat and resolve the problem.

If you have questions or concerns about periodontal disease in Montebello, California, you can call Greenwood Dental & Orthodontics at 323-215-1400 to set up an appointment with our dentist.